R
rinald abonga

asked about 2 months ago
60 views
Hi ,I am interested in a commercial sunflower production this year 2018 in august.I need your help and directions on how I overcome challenges involved. Thanks

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1 Answer

    Sunflower (Helianthus annum)

     

    New sunfola

    Medium maturing open pollinated variety. Having oil content of 35%. Seeds have soft seed coat. It matures in 100-110 days, yield potential 600-800Kg/acre. Susceptible to major diseases.

     

    Sowing guide for sunflower

    Seed rate

    (seed requirement)

    Sowing depth

    Plant spacing

    Altitude

    Utilization

    In Rows

    Plant to plant

    2Kg/acre

    3cmis ideal in moist soil.

    75cm

    30-50cm. Dropping 1 or 2 seeds per hill respectively

     

    Medium

    Vegetable fat, animal feeds and organic fertilizer

     

     

    Pest and disease management

    Birds are major constraint in sunflower production. Rusty grain beetle, red flour beetle, saw toothed grain beetle are storage pests.

    What to do

    • Scare the birds a way from sunflower fields
    • Maintain good store hygiene
    • Inspect grain storage facilities regularly

     

    Diseases

    Stalk and head rot, leaf spots and downy mildews are common diseases in sunflower production

    What to do

    • Plant resistant varieties mainly hybrids
    • Use fungicidal sprays
    • Destroy crop residues and debris after harvest
    • Practice crop rotation

     

    answered about 2 months ago